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ARTHROSCOPY OF THE KNEE JOINT

The arthroscope is a fiber-optic telescope that can be inserted into a joint (commonly the knee, shoulder and ankle) to evaluate and treat a number of conditions. A camera is attached to the arthroscope and the picture is visualized on a TV monitor. Most arthroscopic surgery is performed as day surgery and is usually done under general anesthesia. Knee arthroscopy is common, and millions of procedures are performed each year around the world.

Arthroscopy is useful in evaluating and treating the following conditions:
1. Torn floating cartilage (meniscus): The cartilage is trimmed to a stable rim or occasionally repaired
2. Torn surface (articular) cartilage
3. Removal of loose bodies (cartilage or bone that has broken off) and cysts
4. Reconstruction of the Anterior Cruciate ligament
5. Patello-femoral (knee-cap) disorders
6. Washout of infected knees
7. General diagnostic purposes

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